Ceramic products have found a huge application in daily human life. We see so many ceramic products around us in our daily lives. From pottery to tiles, from cookware to bricks, and even bathroom utilities, all use ceramics in their production. These products are hard, corrosion-resistant and brittle.
However, if you are planning to make your own ceramics at home, it is an even more cheaper and convenient process. Lets further talk about making ceramics at home.
Choosing the clay
Ceramics uses different kinds of clays including oven-baked clay, polymer clay, and air dry clay. These clays are used according to the need of the product required as they have different qualities as follows:
- Air-dried clay does not need an oven or heating source. Most of the ceramic products are made from this clay. It takes a longer time to dry.
- Polymer clay is often used by beginners in ceramic manufacturing. It is easier to mold in different shapes and forms.
- Oven-baked clay has a long-lasting life and can handle higher temperatures. It is easier to use at it can be heated in an oven.
You can choose any clay depending upon your requirements and desire. Once you choose the clay, you are required to choose the method of creating the pottery. Pottery could be made either through hand building or using a wheel.
Handbuilding pottery method
- Slab technique involves making smooth slabs of clay by cutting the clay in desired length and breadth and then shaping them by hands or forming around molds. This method allows us to create more angular shapes which are difficult to create on a pottery wheel.
- The coiling technique uses a rope-like structure of plastic clay that is assembeled in successive courses to build up wall vessels or sculptures. If you are using oven-baked clay, this technique is of great help as it is easy to work with and allows a lot more shapes.
- The pinching involves inserting a thumb into a ball of clay and continuously pinching the clay between your thumb and finger and simultaneously rotating the structure to increase height. It yields beautiful and finer results.
Using a pottery wheel
Take a dry pottery wheel and keep the clay on the wheel with tips down. Press the clay down and slide it around to shape and plant it. Add a little water for smooth kneading, move your hands around the clay to set it and bring it in the centre. Keep the speed of the wheel slow so as not to break the clay structure. Wet your hands and move your clay forward and plow it. Now slowly increase the speed to the wheel and open up the clay as needed.
Once your structure is ready, leave it to let it dry. Upon drying you can add the desired coloring and decorate the structure as desired and your ceramic product is ready to use. Following these steps, you can easily make ceramics at home.